Epilepsy according the Epilepsy Foundation is a neurological disorder that causes people to have recurrent or more than one seizure. It is a brief disruption in the brain. This disease affects 2.2 million Americans and there are 150,00 new cases diagnosed each year. Over 300,000 young people have it. It can occur at any age. Most often is occurs in childhood or over after age 65.
What causes epilepsy? Head injury, an infection to the brain, a brain tumor, a stroke, Alzheimer’s disease or even genetic factors.
How is epilepsy diagnosed? It is diagnosed from blood work and other clinical tests. One test is an EEG which is electrical activity of the brain. Some physicians may use CT scans, MRI’s and PET scans.