Family history is your strongest risk factor for hereditary breast cancer.
Most women have a 1 in 300 chance to a 1 in 800 chance of having the BRCA2 cancer. If you are of Ashkenazki Jewish ancestry your risk is 1 in 50. A mastectomy can reduce your risk by 90% in BRCA carriers.
If there are multiple people in your family with breast cancer under the age of 50, you could be at risk if there are other indicators. If you have documented relatives with BRCA I (Breast Cancer I) or BRCA 2 (Breast Cancer 2) in several generations in your family, talk to a genetic counselor.
There are other indicators. For example, does ovarian cancer run in your family? Does breast and ovarian cancer run in your family? Are there males in your family that have had breast cancer? A family history of your relatives and their diseases and deaths is helpful when meeting with your physican.
Only 5-15% of breast cancers are multi factorial with a familiar risk. Only 5% of these are BRCA.
Those patients with a BRCA gene have a 40-85% lifetime risk versus others with a 13% lifetime risk. Increasing age does put you at risk for breast cancer.
Sometimes we hear of women getting LCIS or lobular carcinoma in situ What is it? It is a high risk marker and is associated with a risk fo developing invasive breast cancer later on so surgery is often done.
Yesterday, I had my mammogram at the Mayo Clinic, and as I was sitting there waiting, a lady came out armed with books, tears in her eyes. She had just been diagnosed with BREAST CANCER, the words she didn’t want to hear. Everyone around her could feel her pain.
I saw several men go in for mammograms. It is not always breast cancer, there are other conditions.
80% of breast cancer is sporadic (no known cause) and is not genetic according to a Mayo Clinic doctor.
After your mammogram you have an exam and the Mayo Clinic uses a standard procedure called a Sweep and Walk.
Did you know that we have a breast density score? Ask for yours. They run 1-4. If yours is high make sure you have an ultrasound along with your mammogram. I saw a chart about early detection, the size of a dime, the size of a button, and a real big lump. If they can catch it early your success rate is better. The problem is that the test is done once a year, once every two years, it may be aggressive or slow growing, so it won’t show up on SHOW AND TELL DAY.